/ Toefl  

阿唯的TOEFL学习笔记

全文包括Reading、Listening、Speaking、Writing四个部分+单词部分.篇幅较长,可配合目录使用.带有🔥的标题为一级目录

「福利」GitHub托福资料包地址🔗

🔥1.Reading

「Day 1」托福阅读介绍

课前准备:名词短语(基础语法精讲)
名词短语占比60%,重要性很大
名词与它的修饰语一起构成名词短语
基本格式:限定词➕前置定语➕中心名词➕后置定语

  • 限定词 : 如 my、his、her

  • 前置定语:形容词、doing、done、名词

  • 中心名词: 名词咯😄

  • 后置定语:介词短语、分词短语、不定式短语、形容词短语、定语从句、同位语从句

今日课程:

历年来的托福改革历程:
-w408
-w447

托福阅读背单词要求:
-w682

注意思维逻辑层次,不一定要全部看懂才能做题.
托福阅读文章数量:3~4篇,如果有4篇就是加试.
托福阅读文章长度:600~700 words.大概在1页半左右.
托福文章结构

解释说明文:只有总-分.
议论文:基本上是悬而未决的
历史文:基本上是关于人文的
托福阅读题型:
-w598

课后练习:暂无

「Day 2」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 3」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 4」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 5」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 6」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 7」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 8」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 9」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 10」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 11」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 12」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 13」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:

「Day 14」

课前准备:
今日课程:
课后练习:


🔥2.Listening

两周恶补听力计划

「Day 1」托福听力介绍

课前准备:TPO 03 Set 5(艺术相关🎨)
今日课程:
-w857

  • 改革后的听力包括两个Part,可能会加试一个Part.一般第二和第三个Part是加试.
  • 历年来的主题分布如下:
    -w769

  • 托福听力题型分类

-w428

  • 老师推荐的除了TPO之外的自学教材.表格如下
序号 名称
1 漫步太阳系,王爽
2 网易公开课,国际名校公开课,历史,天文,心理学
3 crash course
4 淘宝,BBC纪录片,生物,天文,历史

今天的任务是忘掉之前听力记笔记的习惯

练习几天听力基本功,只听不记.感觉有点像老师让我们把听力技能点全部清空,再等老师帮我们点满😄

在听听力时,要边听边猜下一句会讲什么,养成这样的语言习惯,会大大增加听力的理解速度.

-w913

先按照表格诊断自己的问题,Day2再拿药.

单词问题和速度问题是最多的.

下图是每日学习任务.按时打卡.

课后练习:

  1. TPO29 Set3 精听 (建筑学相关)
  2. TPO46 Set4 精听 (日常情景相关)学生找教授讨论论文balabala.
    ⏰转钟了,不学了,睡觉🛏️

「Day 2」问题诊断

课前准备: 精听TPO4-Set2(动物学相关)
今日课程:
(分布精研法Part 1)

1.背单词一定要在一段时间坚持,不要背几天,休息几天,这样不如不背.
2.解决辨音问题—跟读

1
2
3
4
- 播放原文,边听边看
- 边看边读,模仿原文发音
- 如此反复,模仿到像为止
- 格外注意辨音有问题的地方

3.解决长难句问题—复述

1
2
3
4
- 听,复述,再听,再复述
- 上限为5遍
- 先复述主干:主、谓、宾
- 后复述细节:定、状、补

4.解决速度问题—重听

  • 在一篇文章单句已经听懂的情况下,反复重听/加倍重听.

-w312
意群精听就是把一段表示同一意思的话反复听,听懂为止.

课后练习:
1.TPO33 Set6(关于建筑艺术,Renaissance Garden啥的)
2.TPO22 Set2(关于人类是如何开始分化阶层的)
3.用分步精研法精听TPO22 Set2

「Day 3」如何做笔记

课前准备:TPO 04 Set 5(Moving Rock的相关理论,比较简单)
今日课程:

  • [x] 常见的语音现象:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    - 浊化——清辅音之前有s
    - 连读——辅音+元音/ r.re+元音 /辅音+半元音 / 元音+元音
    - 失爆——爆破音有/p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/
    - 弱读——介词、冠词、连词 (因为实际意义基本没有,所以弱读)
    可以结合课前准备的那篇文章来配合练习,寻找语音现象.
  • [x] 关于做笔记:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    可以不做笔记的人群
    听和记严重不兼容
    写字速度非常慢 or 非常工整
    基础非常差 — 12分以下
    基础非常好 — 25分以上

笔记规律:

1
2
3
专业名词直接记个首字母
没听懂的单词取主要的辅音字母缩写
其他的单词可以缩写、中文、画画🎨

-w488

课后练习:
1.TPO43 Set5
2.TPO23 Set5
3.TPO29 Set2(关于森林土壤多样性)
4.分步练习:TPO29 Set2片段精听

「Day 4」主旨题

课前准备:TPO 11 Set2
今日课程:
主旨题是正确率最高的题.所以一定要保证拿分,如果主旨错了就很难保证全篇的正确率

-w347

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
- 以上顺序不分先后
- 蓝色方框代表不重要或者不常见
- “上次课讲的”,**原则上不用记了**.肯定不会考
- “这次课讲的”一定要记
主旨是全文的高度概括,听的时候牢记下面两点:
1. 预测:全文要说什么
2. 验证:预测是否正确
如果讲述人开头自问自答,那99%跟主旨相关.

1
2
3
4
* 考点笔记
看黑板
记缩写
听解释(解释不要记笔记!!!解释不会考.理解就行)

主旨题选项需要注意:

  • 名词/概念:大概率是原文
  • 关系:可能错误

主旨题的坑:有时候题目说的是main **.有的说的是purpose.
可以去做TPO21 Set2的主旨题,非常的坑爹.😭
审题需要认真、文章开头要格外注意、学科可以记一记
「Tips:85%以上的出现compare的都是错的,还有什么more啊之类的虚假比较」
-w686

内容主旨篇幅优先——很多出现在Lecture
目的主旨位置优先——很多出现在Conversation
「可以拿主旨题来做细节题😄」

课后练习:
1.TPO 21 Set2(History of Science)
2.TPO43 Set1(修理打印机)

「Day 5」问答考点/转折考点

课前准备:TPO 11 Set 3(建筑学相关)比较简单,适合拿来做精听
今日课程:

  • 问答考点
1
2
3
4
5
问答考点是
笔记形式⬇️
问题:XXXXXXXX ?
答案: XXX
(为了使得层次分明,记答案的开头最好空两格)
  • 转折考点

信号词: but、 however、although、though
考点笔记:只要记转折之后的内容.因为之前的内容是用来强调后面的内容的

  • 因果考点
    注意because 、so这些关键词就行了

课后练习:
1.TPO24 Set2
2.TPO24 Set3
3.TPO24 Set6(对金星地表的一些研究)

「Day 6」例子考点

课前准备:TPO1 Set3

今日课程:

  • 信号词
    example/instance
    suppose
    like/say
    these is XXXX
  • 考点笔记格式

-w603

  • 分步精研法

-w1229
笔记应该长成下面这样.

-w1232

课后练习:
1.TPO46 Set6
2.TPO27 Set2
3.TPO20 Set5
4.TPO20 Set5分布精研法.整理笔记

「Day 7」并列考点和文章结构

课前准备:TPO 03 Set 2
今日课程:

  • 并列考点

-w389

1
2
大并列:一般不会考,只是介绍文章主要结构
小并列:大概率会考双选题
  • 文章结构

根据分层信号来给文章分层

-w647
其中问答和“now”是用的最多的.

-w723
Q6一般是重听题,或者是文章最后一句话的意思.
互斥原则:如果在Q2中出现了其他段落的要点,那么排除.
再记笔记时一定要优先记主旨,段落主旨,全文主旨🚀

课后练习:
1.TPO42 Set3
2.TPO40 Set4

「Day 8」强调考点&负向考点

课前准备:TPO12 Set3
今日课程:

  • 强调考点
1
2
3
1.语音强调:减速+重读
2.语意强调
![-w489](/images/15824421145734.jpg)
  • 负向考点

-w549

课后练习:
1.TPO42 Set5
2.TPO20 Set 4
3.TPO33 Set2

「Day 9」Conversation题型&解法

课前准备:TPO12 Set6
今日课程:

  • 问题解决型Conversation
    -w876
    右边是笔记格式.👉
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    Conversation的重点:
    - 最初的目的
    - 每个回合的问题+答案
    - 语调变化
    - 重复
    - 结尾
    - 第三者
    - 工作内容

-w664

Conversation归根结底还是需要全听懂,和学术类的讲座不同的是,Conversation的词句是不会反反复复得去给你解释,而是一遍就过.但是Conversation也不会用太难的词组和句子,毕竟正常人平时生活中说话也不会那样说.

课后练习:
1.TPO23 Set6
2.TPO41 Set1

「Day 10」对比考点/过程考点/结尾考点

课前准备:TPO13 Set2
今日课程:

  • 对比考点

-w563

-w534

  • 过程考点

-w553

1
2
3
4
考点笔记
- 全文过程
分层,并标明每层的主旨/时间
- 细节过程
  • 结尾考点
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    信号词: 
    1.全文最后1-2句话
    2.看进度条
    考点笔记:
    可以只听不记

课后练习:
1.TPO40 Set2
2.TPO49 Set3
3.TPO50 Set2 精研.我做的笔记如下(仅供参考)

-w1021

「Day 11」目的题+态度题

课前准备:TPO13 Set6
今日课程:

  • 目的题
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    ✨题型特征
    - Why does the professor mention/emphasize XXX?
    - listen again to part of the lecture....(其实就是重听题)

    🚀题型解法
    - 解法一:问答考点、例子考点
    - 解法二:对应全文/层次主旨

课后练习:

「Day 12」推理题&结构题

课前准备:
今日课程:

  • 推理题

-w505

1
2
题型解法:
- 解法:基于原文进行推理——排除法
  • 结构题
    结构题一般遇到的不多,只要笔记好好做.对着笔记看一下,正确率不会低于80%.但是还是要时不时练习一下.
    -w475

课后练习:

「Day 13」复习计划

课前准备:
今日课程:
多注意方法,少做无谓的刷题.

  • 听力模考注意事项:
    1.干扰
    2.续航

哈哈,平时多做点冥想吧🧘‍♂️
-w576

今天是最后一次直播课了,丁叔给我们谈了很多考场上的技巧.比如推荐饮料是红牛,推荐食品是香蕉🍌.
课后练习:

「Day 14」综合带练

课前准备:
今日课程:

-w489
「奖励我已经放到了我的GitHub里,在本文开头链接中领取即可」

之前有上过某航道的暑期课程,然后耽搁了一个学期到了寒假就全忘了.
所以一直在找托福的网课想恶补一下听力.
然后推荐大家去上一下「考满分」的网课,质量挺高的.(不是广告啊)
配套练习和直播录播课质量拉满.
我是看他们家试听课直播时抽的,直接免单了.还免费快递送了我ETS联名礼包
(欧皇在此)

课后练习:


🔥3.Speaking

-w488


🔥4.Writing

综合写作模板

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
In the lecture,the professor raises
objections to the reading's assertion that

And the lecture puts forth the idea that...(every coin has two sides)

Firstly,base on the information of reading passage...
However,the professor points out that...The reason is that...

Secondly,according to the reading...
But the professor emphasizes/argues that...
For example

Finally,the reading states that...
The professor confirms that ...This is due to...

独立写作练习

开头段精选:There are many things to consider in term of…Different people will have different ideas about…Some people think…while others are firmly convinced that…Personally,I believe that…

  • 27 classical expression 👄
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
prevent..from = keep...from =     prohibit...from
tend to = be inclined to = be apt to
get involved in = get in = deal with
fight for = endeavor to do sth = struggle for doing sth
feel the need to = be in the mood to
in favor of = support
due to = because of = as a result of = consequently
insist on = stick to = persist to
crucial = critical = important = significant = vital = essential
current = nearest
varied = various = variable
despite of = in spite of = regardless of
prominent = well-known = famous = noted = celebrated
average = ordinary = general
isolated = independent = separate
available = valid
particular = specific = especial = detailed
try to = manage to = attempt to
impact on = have effect on = work on
retrospect = review = look back on
be based on = build on
throughout = around = overall
at times = from time to time = sometimes
take notice = pay attention to take care of
far more = lots of = plenty of
the majority of = most of masses of
or else = otherwise
  • 20 outstanding expression 👄
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
take interest in = be keen on
get done = accomplish = complete = achieve = finish
bring in = enhance = boost
have access to = make use of
extract...from = draw from
esteem = look up to = respect
be easy to = be prone to = be apt to= be liable to
become/be immune to =rise above
end up doing = come to an end = come to a conclusion = bring to a close
bond with = be in contact with = associate with
transfer to = shift to move
suffer = stand = bear
pivotal = central = primary
inherently = internally = intrinsically
disservice = harm = hurt = injure
distrustful = skeptical = suspicious
insulated = alone = isolated
after all = all in all
be conducive to = be supportive of = be helpful for = be useful for = be beneficial to
affordable = reasonable = cheap = inexpensive
  • The following is almost all of the Topic of Toefl independent writing

「Education - TPO 50 📖」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
All university students should be required to take history courses no matter what their
field of study is. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Nowadays, with the advent of modernization, more and more employers are seeking for high-end talents and professionals to enhance their companies’ overall competitiveness, thus creating a much more throat-cutting job market than before. Under this circumstance, universities are planning to require all the students to take more compulsory basic courses, which could equip them with more knowledge and secure them a promising future career and among all the subjects, history is undoubtedly one of them. Some people assert that it is indeed necessary for all university students to sign up for history courses regardless of their major might be. Nevertheless, from my perspective, not all of them should be required to take the history class and how many students should take history courses depends on their own major. Firstly, it is unnecessary for IT majors to learn history courses. If we consider/take into account/factor what IT students’ future job might be, it is a lot more likely that most of them would sit in front of their computers or laptops, stare at their screen and program all sorts of useful and time-saving software. Take Bill Gates, the founder of the well-known Microsoft Corporation, for example. Before he turned Microsoft into a successful commercial software company, Bill himself also began his career as an average software engineer. Fortunately, thanks to his marvelous expertise, he then stood out in his career and grabbed the very chance to establish his commercial empire. Although he doesn’t know the slightest piece of history knowledge, he could still succeed in that his success has nothing to do with history but his outstanding specialty, persistent character and destiny’s favor. Secondly, accounting majors also are those students who don’t need to learn history. During the four-year university period, accounting majors are not only burdened with loads of assignments and presentations but plenty of professional qualifications to acquire, from CPA to ACCA (abbreviations for both Certified Public Accountant and The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants). If these students want to ensure a lucrative career in the future, it is better for them to spend more time preparing for these essential certificates. For instance, my brother, who also majors in accounting always stays up late to cram for his exams, papers and certificates because to him how to find a decent job is the first priority after his graduation. Of course, some students majoring in English and archeology may need to take history courses, because knowing something in history could deepen their understanding of their major study. For instance, if an English major has an idea of what once happened to Britain in the past hundreds of years and how it has shaped the country’s current culture, he could better understand the evolution of English language as a whole, what their language looked like during Shakespeare’s time and why poet would write some poems with certain contents. In a nutshell, it is absurd to assert that all university students should be required to take part in history courses but for some majors, such as English and archeology, learning is definitely a plus.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Good expression:
advent 出现
modernization 现代化
ith the advent of modernization
seek for = find
enhance sth
thus = therefore
Under this circumstance
equip sb with
undoubtedly
assert 断言、主张 assertion
indeed
regardless of
nevertheless
from my perspective
depend on
consider = take into account/factor = take sth into consideration
stare at = focus on
marvelous = unbelievable
build = establish
grab/catch some choice
lucrative 利润丰厚
ensure
essential = vital = important = significant
sth is the first priority
For instance = for example
in a nutshell = in short
ridiculous = absurd
sth is definitely a plus

「Work - TPO 42 🤵」

Workers are more satisfied when they have many different types of tasks to do during the workday than when they do similar tasks all day long. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

There are different standpoints regarding the happiness from the work. Some argue that workers would gain more satisfaction from doing different types of tasks while others hold the opposite idea that to do the same task leads them to be happier. In fact, it is hard to judge and up to the context of the work. Obviously, the majority of people are reluctant to repeat their action mechanically, because they cannot endure the tediousness created by the same work. Trying to do different types of tasks is beneficial for them to keep the motivation of job and is easy to satisfy themselves with achieving success in varied domains. Meanwhile, however, other consequences as a result from dissimilar sorts of work are supposed to be taken into account as well. The different types of tasks would make it impossible for workers to be happy sometimes: they coerce these people to face new challenges and it costs more time to acquaint every kind of tasks which even would be changed definitely in the second day. Except few extremely bold people, a huge number of workers will feel quite stressful when something is completely new for them. Further, the same type of task doesn’t mean the context of the job is the same. People are likely to suffer from varied kinds of formidableness in the daily work. An architect should do several different plans for one project. Even though they draw a window for one building’s façade, they have to establish dozens of models of windows to match the whole genre. Besides, if their work does not fulfill their customers’ demands, the architects have no choice but to redraw the façade. This type of work on some stage can also be called working repeatedly, whereas the context is definitely different and filled with challenges. It affords the strong happiness when the clients acclaim the work at last. So, I believe that no one will affirm that being an architect is a boring position even though they only do design every day. Consequently, we have to clarify which reasons lead workers to be happy. How different the type of tasks is unlikely to simply determine how happy workers can be during their workday. If one type of task containing diverse challenges stimulates someone’s motivation, the people would attain likewise pleasure from the work.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
There are different standpoints regarding...
argue = think
gain = get = have
gain more satisfaction
while others hold the opposite idea
reluctant
endure the tediousness 忍受单调乏味
in varied domains 在不同的领域
meanwhile
acquaint 了解
formidableness = difficulty
dozens of = many
affirm = assert
variable = diverse
attain = get = grab
ceiling 天花板
tear down the ceiling 拆除天花板,突破极限

「Teenager - TPO 48 🚹」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Because modern life is very complex, it is essential for young people to have the ability to plan and organize.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Increasingly sophisticated technology, explosive information and intricate international relationships all work together to complicate the modern life, which makes our modern people somewhat overwhelmed. Individuals whoever want to have a better control of one’s life must equip themselves with some essential skills or abilities. Planning and organizing, which embodies the skill of anticipating, influencing, and controlling, in my view, is becoming gradually important in coping with today’s complication especially for the young who are always the most passionate but also with less self-control. First of all, planning helps keep one on course in achieving goals and crystallize objectives. Young people always possess some grand dreams which may take years to accomplish. Planning ahead, on the one hand, could effectively put one on the right track thus prevent energy from being scattered or wasted. A survey conducted by experts from Oxford University shows that over 90% of elites and enterprisers had precise objects and made plans for decades later at very young age. Like Bill Gates, one of the most prominent persons I have ever seen, discontinued their studies since he was definite aware of what he should do in order to become the leader of IT field. On the other hand, plans, which are organized step by step, could turn the ultimate goals into several achievable ones. With achievable objective achieved one by one, the ultimate goal will finally be attained. Besides, planning and organizing help to promise one’s best performance in most occasions. Panning means trying to anticipate all the possibilities and arrange things in a scientific order. It clearly tells people what to do currently and what should do the next, which prevents disorder or chaos. Thus, people may feel assured and will be with less stress. For example, a student who sticks to a study plan is less likely to be nervous thus will be more likely to have better performance than those who crams for tests. Today youngsters are exposed with fierce competitions but also abundant opportunities. Good performance is key to hold these opportunities in hand. It is undeniable that our society changes at such a quick pace that we cannot plan everything in previous. But this by no means implies that the ability is not important. Without a plan, complex things will only get more complicated. Abraham Lincoln reportedly once said, “If I had 60 minutes to cut down a tree, I would spend 40 minutes sharpening the ax and 20 minutes cutting it down.” Planning is just like “sharpening the ax”, which will no doubt facilitate a task easy done. All in all, though the ability of planning and organizing may not be omnipotent for people especially the young to cope with new situations in today’s complex society, it does facilitate to fulfill one’s life goals and help to improve one’s performance when opportunities come.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
intricate 错综复杂的
equip with = embody
crystallize objectives 明确目标
prevent from
prominent = outstanding = famous = well-known
ultimate = final
in most occasions 在大多数情况/场合下
fierce competition 激烈的竞争
it is undeniable... = it is undoubtedly...
in previous 预先
by no means 绝不是
Abraham Lincoln reportedly once said, “If I had 60 minutes to cut down a tree, I would spend 40 minutes sharpening the ax and 20 minutes cutting it down.”
omnipotent 无所不能的
cope with 面对,应对。(类似于face/deal with.)
facilitate = benefit = promote

「Child - TPO 44 🧒」

Some people believe that when busy parents do not have a lot of time to spend with their children, the best use of that time is to have fun playing games or sports. Others believe that it is best to use that time doing things together that are related to schoolwork. Which of the two approaches do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

​ In recent years, there has been a trend among busy parents toward utilizing spare time to have fun such as arts and sports, because these entertainment activities do not have a direct relation with children’s schoolwork. It lies in the fact that education is valuable by people only when it improves students’ academic record. Although playing games and sport are not directly related to academic record, these entertainment activities have countless benefits to students’ success in their future careers. The idea that sport is important to children’s development has been widely accepted.

​ First of all, sport can enhance intelligence. Playing games enables children to know how to coordinate different parts of their bodies. The advantage is that children who can use sport instruments proficiently cab juggle different task in their adulthood. Playing games can foster the culture of cooperation among teenagers as they are required to collaborate with each other in a basketball team or a football team. Playing games is also considered as a healthy way of relieving stress, because it can lighten one’s mood and reduce anxiety. Playing games also has a beneficial effect on children’s physical and mental health. Children who engage in physical activity can constantly maintain a healthy weight and have stamina to handle their schoolwork. This is particularly important, considering that young people are increasingly addicted to the sedentary activity, such as watching TV. Furthermore, children who exercise habitually normally have a positive attitude to life, which enables them to cope with stress easily. Therefore, we can see how important some non-academic activities can be to students’ future career success. Sports and playing games can develop students’ intellectual skills and social skills, while they are able to improve students’ physical health and self-esteem.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
there has been a trend among...
it lies in the fact that
related to
foster = cultivate
collaborate with
be considered as
lighten one's mood and reduce anxiety
have *** effect on
be addicted to
self-esteem = confident 自尊

「Society - TPO 52 🚉」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rules that societies today expect young people to follow and obey are too strict. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Within recent 30 years, our society has witnessed and experienced radical changes in each and every aspect of our life. Under this circumstance, young people are also faced with a wide range of temptations and impacts brought by various objects, from fancy entertainment gadgets, to online pornography and to subversive conception, which is why there are many rules nowadays for youngsters to follow and obey to insulate them from juvenile delinquency. However, some people may wonder whether some of these rules are too strict and serious and whether they should make a compromise. As far as I’m concerned, some rules may be too much and even may do harm to their natural development. First, some parents may order their children to devote most of their time to study and prevent them from any access to leisure and entertainment. Frequently, parents would have unreasonable expectations of their kids, hoping that they could show an outstanding performance in their school, be admitted into a top-rank university and own a decent career right after graduation. Because of these expectations, they would set a limit on hours on which children could spend watching television and even register for all kinds of extra curriculums to make their children more competent than their peers. But this teaching method will be very detrimental to their beloved sweethearts in that young children’s instinct prefers relaxing and exciting games and entertainment to tiring and killing studies and assignments. In the long run, it is likely to turn a kid into a dumb nerd, who has no idea of how to relax and enjoy each moment of life. What’s the point of forging a child into an outstanding individual while he loses the fun and joy of life forever and ever? Second, some parents are likely to forbid their children from puppy love or any form of intimate relationships they may establish with someone they like. Some parents may be afraid that falling into an early-stage romantic relation could be a distraction for their innocent kids, for which they may skip their regular classes to date or even earn a bad grades in their mid-term or final exams. Due to these fears and worries, parents usually curb any of their children’s close connection with a boy or a girl in the cradle. Nevertheless, this is unhealthy to a child’s mental development because owning a longtime and steady relationship is an indispensable component in people’s life. If children have never had any experience of dealing with the person they have a crush on, they are likely to be sensitive to the other’s emotional reaction, thus being emotionally vulnerable when they become an adult. In another word, isolating children from any access to any romantic relationship is too severe for them to follow. Admittedly, rules sometimes are necessary because they could do good to children’s self-discipline and future development. For instance, too much entertainment and leisure could cause a child to indulge himself in it and get addicted; falling in love with another person and thus forming an unhealthy obsession could cost a young child too much and take him a long time to recover. All these incidents just show the necessity of rules and disciplines. But leaving children no time for fun and relaxation is too absolute, arbitrary and even devastating and we should make every effort to stop extremes from happening. In a nutshell, we should avoid those too strict rules and guide our children in a healthy and sustainable way.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
our society has witnessed and experienced ...
which is why...
set a limit on
make their children more competent than their peers.
in the long run
force sb into an outstanding individual
in another word
in a nutshell

「Media - TPO 52 📱」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and television have more negative effects than positive effects on the way young people behave. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

​ Due to the occurrence of modern social media, we are entering a new era of information exploration. We absorb a variety of information on a daily basis, from the latest political campaign to the cutting-edge medical discovery and we are witnessing the world developing at a rapid rate. Nevertheless, this leads people to the discussion of the impact of daily social media.

​ One side assumes that movies and television brings about more positive and proactive influence on the way people behave. However, I am a firm believer in that harmful effects outweigh beneficial ones.The reasons and examples are as follows. In the first place, the crime rate all over the world is now escalating, which may result from the violent fighting scenes and storyline of some films as well as TV programs. In order to boost audience rating, many producers are likely to add a number of violent and scary elements into their programs. Siblings may turn back on each other just for the purpose of family legacy; Spouses would think of murders because they are afraid that their affair may be found by their beloved ones; a protagonist, in order to save hostages, may kill so many good-bad men with destructive weapons. All these plots and stories would definitely mislead the youth to imitate the characters’ words and behaviors. No wonder juvenile delinquency is showing up unexpectedly. This is one piece of solid evidence about the negative effects of movies and television. In the second place, the morality is torn apart due to many dark information existing in the social media. In the past, people could hardly imagine that their close friends or best mate would deceive them. Especially, in those ancient civilization, loyalty is the quality valued quite much by the whole community and people who made use of traps to set up their friends would be despised by others. However, the circumstance has changed drastically. For the sake of one’s own interest, they could take any action whatever the cost, even including hurting the ones who love them most. With more and more appearance of such incidents, a not-to-trust-anyone atmosphere is prevailing and dominating. This may also be brought about by many TV serials that we watch each day, such as Desperate Housewives, Gossip Girls and so forth. Admittedly, social media do have their bright sides. For instance, Sesame Street, one educational TV program in the U.S., which was once very popular among children. The young people can learn various scientific knowledge and discoveries in it. What’s more, the characters are very entertaining and humorous, which make children love it even more. However, from my own perspective, given the current situation, the dark sides of social media definitely outrun the bright ones and it is urgent for us to think of solutions to compensate. In a nutshell, I suppose movies and television have more detrimental influence than positive one on how young people behave.

1
2
3
4
drastically 剧烈的
sake 利益,目的。for the sake of one's own interest
With more and more appearance of such incidents
Admittedly...

「Family - TPO 28 👪」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents today are more involved in their children’s education than were parents in the past.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

The involvement of parents in their children’s education has been acknowledged to include not only the exact knowledge and values they would tell their children but also the attention they would pay to their children’s educational process as well as the role they would play during the decision-making process. From my perspective, modern parents are more related to their children’s educational aspects than parents are in the past. It could not be denied that parents in the modern society would bear much more responsibilities and burdens as well than those in the past such as the financial pressure to support the family, due to the increasing desire of individuals and the economic reality in the present society. That means modern parents would spend plenty of time on earning money and have less time to be with their children or to actually teach them. However, the real situation regarding the children education is that parents in the present are more likely to emphasize the education of their children in various respects such as arranging the detailed study plan for their children. Moreover, the emphasis children would receive on their education from the parents has been increased significantly in the contemporary society, because of the fact that individuals now have generally believed in the essential influence of the education on people especially the younger generation. That significance could be realized by the modern parents during their working and social experiences, and it to a great extent could be comprehended due to the reality that the well-educated person has been demanded in relatively every area of the current society. Therefore, in order to help their children to become successful and qualified, parents in the present have been inclined to check or help with their school projects, to have them acquire multiple skills, and to expect them to receive the best education at a higher level, which would not be the focus of the parents in the past who even did not care about the educational situation of their children and merely held the expectation that the children could help to support the family in terms of the finance as soon as possible. Furthermore, it has been proposed that current parents have been more active during the process of making decisions related to their children’s educational choices than the past. That could suggest that to some extent they would like to exert an influence on the children and their educational affairs rather than be willing to let their children to have the independent decision-making process as they did in the past, which might be due to the possibility that the present parents might place more emphasis on their children’s education and not want them to make any mistakes. However, this situation could probably be interpreted that the modern parents could be considered to be the better educated people themselves and could assist their children to choose wisely and appropriately by offering the relevant information and reasonable advice in the course of educational matters such as how to plan their time arrangements, what major they would study in, and whether they should have a gap year before entering the university. In conclusion, although modern parents might have less time with their children than those in the past during their educational period, they definitely could be regarded as more active in the participation in their children’s educational activities in terms of the attention they might pay and the positive effort they might provide to help their children to make educational decisions due to the fact that they perceive the importance.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
be acknowledged to 被认为是
be related to
it couldn't be denied that
That significance could be realized by
be inclined to
to some extent 从某种程度上讲
assist sb to do
perceive = feel
be the focus of

「Lifestyle - TPO49 🏊」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?The ability to maintain friendships with a small number of people over a long period of time is more important for happiness than the ability to make many new friends easily.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Friendship and kinship contribute a lot to one’s happiness. Then, the question goes, “does the ability to main long-term friendships with a small number of people matters more than the ability to make many new friends easily?” My answer is “yes”. First of all, old friends usually show stronger loyalty than those newly-acquainted fellows. That means, no matter what happens, these friends would always stand by your side and provide you with supports unconditionally. However, this merit is usually missing in short-term friendship. Last year when I was in hospital, 2 of my old friends took turns to take care of me, accompanying me to endure the very hard time. However, few of my “wide-range” new friends even came to visit me. It is clearly that long-term friendship is much more reliable and the ability to main such kind of relationship is more critical. In addition, old friends tend to show more understanding of you, being familiar with your hobbies, interests and some other peculiarities. So, it is usually more comfortable for me to be with my old friends. For instance, I am lactose intolerant and every time when I have dinner with my old friends, they would skip anything that contains milk or cheese, ordering food based on my favor. Contrary to my old friends’ consideration, those newly-acquainted fellows are inclined to show surprise about my intolerance and still pick the food of lactose they prefer. So, to me, old friends are much more considerate and contribute more to my happiness. Admittedly, the ability to make new friends easily are quite important for a person to get new ideas, broadening their views from different groups of people. However, compared with the ability to maintain long-term friendship, it still plays a less significant role for one’s happiness. To sum up, one’s happiness is consist of various parts, including self-achievement, security and etc. And I believe long-term friendship is of higher importance than other parts. As a result, the ability to maintain long-term friendship with a small group of people is much more important.

1
2
3
4
contribute...to
merit = advantage
broaden sb's views
to sum up

「Technology - TPO11 🛰️」

Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Internet must be one of the greatest inventions during the 20th century. It shortens the distance between people all over the world by providing various kinds and large amounts of information. In my point of view, I agree that Internet can provide a lot of valuable information, which would benefit us in the long run without troubling at all. By surfing through the Internet, we can get large quantities of useful skills, which can benefit ourselves, from the information that is available on the Internet. Learning these skills can help us keep healthy, gain more money or even improve our living standard. In my country, there used to be some isolated villages, where books and knowledge are hard to spread. People living in these villages lack the basic skills to have a good harvest and they live in the really poor condition. Meanwhile, our government has helped them to have access to the Internet recently and the villagers can get the information they want without any difficulties. By using this information, they improved their living conditions. Therefore, information getting from the Internet can benefit our lives. Another important aspect is the current affairs. Internet could offer us a lot of information about things happened all over the world without peopling travelling around the world. From the new scientific discovery to the war in the Middle East, from the economic crisis happened in Europe to the World Cup held in South Africa, things happened in every corner of the world can be known worldwide in no minute through the Internet. Under this circumstance, people can have their own opinions on these affairs, or they can give their hands to the ones who need help. Internet gives us a chance to learn more about the whole world by proving us information. Admittedly, there is some unreal information on the Internet. On the contrary, I do not think it as a trouble at all. The existence of unreal information forces us to be critical thinking and have the ability to tell the truth. In addition, it is the person who creates unreal news rather than the Internet to be blamed. All in all, the Internet is a great tool to offer us tremendous amount of information. Surrounded by large amount of information can broad our sight and make us more intelligent rather than trap us into troubles.

1
2
3
4
shorten the distance between
in my point of view
surrounded by...
trap sb into troubles

「Abstract - TPO38 🌹」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?leadership comes naturally: one cannot learn to be a leader.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Independent Writing Nowadays, leadership as an important factor in achieving success gradually becomes one of the most popular topics not only in college but also in various companies. Some people argue that leadership comes naturally while others hold that one can learn to be a leader. In fact, leadership is a general concept. It can be classified into two notions: leading skills and charisma. Leading skills can be learned but charisma comes naturally. First of all, leading skills refer to several specific techniques which can be mastered after systematic training. These techniques include the decomposition of big goals, the use of incentive mechanism, proper distribution of work, tips on balancing the interests of various parties and so on. Experts in management field have already work out mature theories or principles in these aspects. With adequate practice, it is not difficult to use them skillfully. Furthermore, even if without systematic theories, leading skills can be improved through the accumulation of practical experience. A man whose major has nothing to do with management can still become an outstanding team leader if he has the experience to be an organizer in his college clubs. How to make the whole team collaborate efficiently and fulfill the goal in a firm sometimes is common with the same thing in a university. In contrast, a person with no relevant experience will find it harder to lead a team at first. But he will make it at last after enough practice. Nevertheless, differently from specific leading skills, charisma in most cases can’t be acquired through special training. This kind of glamour refers to the attraction which can cast positive impact on his subordinates. Such kind of attractive power comes from the leader’s nature disposition which is to some extent hard to change during one’s life and rich social experience which is impossible to get by merely absorbing indirect experience. In general, charisma comes naturally and only a few of us has this kind of spiritual attraction who make great contributions in human’s history. But for ordinary people like us, some useful leading techniques is enough for us. We have easy access to these specific methods thanks to the Internet era. Knowledge spreads widely on the Internet. What’s better, a large sum of them charge nothing. Therefore, it is not difficult for us to become a qualified team leader.

1
2
3
4
5
refer to
with adequate practice
adequate = enough
in contrast 与此形成鲜明对比
glamour 魅力

「Government - TPO 54 🏠」

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for governments to spend money to improve Internet access than to improve public transportation. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

​ The development of science and technology has come to pervade every aspect of our lives, especially the influence from the internet, which is changing people’s life in a quite unprecedented speed, and as a result, some people consider government should spend money to improve internet access. After taking various factors into consideration, I, on the contrary, reckon that improving public transportation deserves more financial support from the government. Firstly, improvement of public transportation could help to solve the serious environmental problems nowadays. Undoubtedly, the disastrous consequence of environmental pollution has been quite obvious, such as the gloomy haze obscuring the top of the skyscrapers, acid rain poisoning farmland and eroding buildings, sea level rise resulting from global temperature rise etc., which urgently calls for effective measures to resolve all these life-threatening challenges. Public transportation capable of vast passenger volume could be one efficient way to take the place of various private vehicles whose exhaust emission is the main pollutants. For example, I am living in one city in North China that suffered bitterly from air pollution. In order to recover the blue sky, last year our government carried out one policy to lower the price of the bus together with improved services. Not surprisingly, more passengers chose to take public transportation. With less exhaust emission from the private vehicles, the air quality was improved since then. Secondly, compared with internet access, public transportation could benefit more people. Admittedly, with the appearance of various social softwares, internet, because of its efficiency and convenience, does serve as one important role in communication, but not everyone can be proficient or even familiar with internet. We should not ignore the sobering fact that there are still a large amount of illiterate people especially in the remote poverty-stricken areas. Being unable to read or type prevents them from getting online no matter how convenient the Internet access is. By contrast, public transportation could help those areas to connect with outside developed urban areas to develop their economy. The railway connecting eastern China and Tibet could be one persuasive example. Before this railway was built, the lagging economic situation in Tibet constrained the improving of people’s living standard. Many family even could not afford their children to get education, while after the Chinese government built the railway to connect Tibet to the outside developed areas, Tibet’s economy has been developing dramatically as the railway introduces more industries and encourages tourism, and as a result, large numbers of local people could benefit from what the public transportation promises. Conclusively, since public transportation could ensure both improved environment and economy, the government is highly advised to spend money on improving public transportation.

1
2
3
4
5
Undoubtedly
After take various factors into consideration,I,on the contrary,reckon that
By contrast
be one persuasive example/instance
in conclusion = conclusive

🔥5.背词心得

在背单词方面,并不用拿着书硬啃到全部滚瓜烂熟才去刷题.单词准备到60%即可开始进入刷题.
背词和刷题一定要同步进行,因为背词是输入型的训练,会让你感受到饱足感和安心.但是输出型的训练是最重要的,要多去做题来代入语境,实战演练才能让自己记得更加牢固.

推荐几个记单词的软件/书籍吧

  1. 张红岩TOEFL词汇(词以类记)——也就是我们常说的红宝书
  2. 考满分词汇APP——免费、词书比较全
  3. 百词斩APP——免费、但有点花里胡哨
  4. 墨墨背单词APP——需要付费解锁单词量、但是体验极佳

🎉🎉最后放一个我博客中单词整理的链接张红岩TOEFL词汇(词以类记)


🔥Addition:考试流程

🚗 Before 8:30 amArrive

🆔ID card ,food🍞and drink🍹

到达考场

  • 填保密协议 ✍️
  • 休息室等待开场 ♨️
  • 照相 📷
  • 进场 🆔
  • 调试机器 💻🎧⌨️🖱️

开始考试

「阅读部分」

  • 3 passage

  • 30 questions

  • 54 minutes

(可能会加试1个passage——18min)
整体考试时间缩短6-8分钟。文章篇数不变,每篇文章的题目个数从14个缩短到10个。题型上,大致能够推测出单词题由以前的4-5个题减少到2个题,细节题(包括反选细节)从4~5个题减少到2个题,剩下的题型保留或个别被删除,这样构成每篇文章10个题目的考试模型。

「听力部分」
-w858

  • 1 conversation + 1 lecture 6:30 minutes to answer

  • 1 conversation + 2 lecture 10:00 minutes to answer

  • 1 conversation + 1 lecture 6:30 minutes to answer(加考试)

阅读和听力必然会加试一个部分

⛱️ 中场休息10minutes

「口语部分」

  • 1 independ speaking task

  • 2 read + listen + speak

  • 1 listen + speak

「写作部分」

  • 1 independent

Reading and listening

20 minutes to write down

  • 1 integrated

30 minutes to write down(agree or disagree)

考试结束

上交草稿纸,离开考场.

7天后会递送成绩.

祝大家💯高分通过